Originally, I looked at the performance appraisal as an opportunity to find out how I was doing compared to my boss's expectations. I later found, after I had a department of 19 people to supervise and write appraisals for, that the performance appraisal was a once a year nightmare if I didn't take notes on my employees during the year.
Tweet Critical thinking is simply reasoning out whether a claim is true, partly true, sometimes true, or false. Logic is applied by the critical thinker to understand character, motivation, point of view and expression.
All decision-making involves critical thinking, from the most mundane activities, such as choosing what to buy at the grocery after seeing advertisements on similar product types, to the subject of professional investigation, such as determining whether the insurance company will honor claims after a house fire where arson is suspected.
Whichever the case, critical thinking follows the same basic strategies: It seems like such a simple thing, but thinking for yourself — rather than blindly accepting the beliefs of other people — is the first step of critical thinking.
Take what is said under consideration, but do not automatically accept what others tell you, nor be unduly influenced by the language they use, or the opinions they give. Remember, even doctors advise getting a second opinion. Consult as many trustworthy people as possible.
In the end, discover things and work out a conclusion for yourself. Do not take things out of context. The circumstances that surround an incident, the background of the person speaking, the vantage point of a particular witness — all these have an impact on the veracity of the claim. You will find that each person has his own weakness and strength in terms of judgment and observation.
It could be that two viewpoints are contradictory, and you will have to rely on your judgment to determine what is valid, what is mistaken, or what is partially true but incomplete.
Do not presume the familiar.
Do not dismiss the unfamiliar. Every critical thinker will have his own set of prejudices; however, you must not allow these prejudices to color your thinking. In fact, it will serve you better if you challenge your own presuppositions.
If something seems familiar, or typical, then look at it from a fresh point of view. Test each assumption you make. Do not automatically suppose that you already possess the truth. If you come across something unfamiliar, you have to understand exactly what it is and where it comes from and how it works, before you make a judgment call.
Ask yourself whether your assumptions are based on evidence, and whether you are interpreting the situation in a way that makes sense. Be aware of your own weaknesses, your own preconditioning, and your own context social, cultural, personal. Know your own limitations.
Acknowledge your sensitive points. Suspend judgment whenever possible. Rethink previous conclusions in light of new evidence or experience. Do not be pretentious and arrogant. You are not privy to all information.How to Critically Appraise an Article.
Jane M Young; Michael J Solomon. Critical appraisal provides a basis for decisions on whether to use the results of . Dear Dange gena.
My point is what does ‘critical appraisal’ mean. Do you think division is the only explaining factor of the opposition groups? This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
This essay critically appraises a research article, Using CASP (critical appraisal skills programme, ) and individual sections of Bellini & Rumrill: guidelines for critiquing research articles (Bellini &Rumrill, ). Contemporary Metaphilosophy.
What is philosophy? What is philosophy for? How should philosophy be done? These are metaphilosophical questions, metaphilosophy being the study of the nature of philosophy. I have long called myself a social conservative. I think it is very important to have standards for behaviour (etiquette) and defined roles.
The problems with this system is not that it exists, but the lack of flexibility and the value placed on them.