Multicultural competence In the modern context today, demographic changes are becoming more prominent across the globe and this phenomenon suggests that multicultural counseling is inevitable. For this instance, counselor would have to be multicultural competent in order to effectively communicate to client that comes from different culture. With that in mind, this essay I will further discuss the relevance of multicultural competence on the effectiveness of multicultural counseling. Due to the increasing diversity of culture in the society, individuals seeking help from counselors could show up with various cultural backgrounds.
Terdapat beberapa garis panduan etika yang telah diberikan oleh badan-badan profesional dalam bidang kaunseling dan psikoterapi namun kebanyakannya lebih merujuk kepada sesi kelompok berdasarkan budaya barat. Dleh itu penulis menumpukan aplikasi etika kepada pengendalian kelompok dalam masyarakat berbilang kaum di Malaysia.
Antara topik berkaitan etika yang disentuh ialah keberkesanan kelompok, keperluan untuk mendidik masyarakat berbilang kaum di Malaysia tentang kaunseling, isu kerahsiaan, bias, penggunaan teknik dan alat kajian, kelayakan kaunselor dan halangan dari segi penggunaan bahasa.
Secara amnya kertas ini cuba mengupas isu-isu etika yang lazim berlaku dalam pengendalian kaunseling kelompok berbilang budaya. Introduction Multicultural counseling is becoming an important element of counseling practice today. It seems impossible for counselors to avoid counseling clients who are culturally different from them.
Even in the United States, the estimated numbers of racial ethnic minorities will make up the majority of the US population by Meanwhile in Malaysia, our population is made up of different races and cultures.
Therefore it is important for counselors to be aware of the multicultural differences in society to ensure effectiveness of counseling sessions, thus upholding the principle of beneficence and justice for all clients.
Counselors need a socio-cultural framework to work with clients from diverse cultural backgrounds. The need for knowledge and skills for multicultural assessment and intervention includes the ability to: American Psychological Association APAMasalah Pendidikan Jilid 26 Hakcipta Fakulti Pendidikan Universiti Malaya 21 The Growth of Group Counseling The group is usually seen as the microcosm of society, consisting of values, belief systems and behaviors the members bring along with them from the 'outside world'.
The growth of group activities has been significantly recognized in our country. Among the types of groups conducted are educational, motivational, support, rehabilitation and counseling groups.
These are conducted either by specific institutions, organizations, professional bodies or individual counselors. Although participation is encouraging, questions arise regarding effectiveness of the group and the competency of individuals conducting it.
However, this paper will only discuss the effectiveness of group counseling and the competency of counselors from the ethical point of view. Effectiveness of Group Counseling Group counseling enables counselors to outreach to a larger number of clients at any particular time.
It also allows participants to share their feelings, opinions and views of the world with each other. Thus, group counseling can benefit both counselors and clients. In a multicultural group setting, however, some communication barriers may arise due to diversity of clients' backgrounds, cultures and languages.
The ethical consideration here would largely focus on the counselor's ability to conduct the session as effectively as possible to ensure all members receive an equal but unique treatment based on their cultural acceptance.
In the ethical guidelines by the Association of Specialists in Group Work ASGW,group counselors are required to make every reasonable effort to treat each member individually and equally. In addition, group counselors are to recognize and respect the differences e.
This basically means that group counselors must be sensitive to the elements of differences, and should understand, plan and act accordingly. The Need to Educate According to the APA Office of Ethnic Minorities Affairspsychologists need to educate their clients about the process of psychological intervention such as goals and expectations, the scope and, where appropriate, legal limits of confidentiality and the psychologists' intervention.
This is similar to the ethical guidelines of ASGW whereby group counselors must adequately prepare prospective or new members by providing as much information about the existing or proposed group as necessary.
In the Malaysian context, group members need education regarding the functions of the group itself since there is still lack of exposure to group counseling.
Not much information is publicly known about the group counseling process, the roles and responsibilities of leaders and members and the ethics underlying group counseling.Published: Mon, 5 Dec There are many aspects of today’s British society which make it multicultural, such as different ethnic backgrounds’, Social class, Religious beliefs, Sexual orientation, and Gender, all of which are categorized under ‘personal culture’.
With that in mind, this essay I will further discuss the relevance of multicultural competence on the effectiveness of multicultural counseling. Due to the increasing diversity of culture in the society, individuals seeking help from counselors could show up with various cultural backgrounds.
The discussion, Counseling in Multicultural Society, is largely based on the information that was gathered during the interview. It is presented in what seems chronological from the least relevant to the most weight taking matter among the Islam culture.
Models of Counseling Sara Hall Liberty University Biblical and Secular Models of Counseling Deciding how to model your counseling practice is one of the fundamental issues needing to be addressed when a counselor is choosing to begin a successful career as a licensed counselor.
Thus, there is need to develop new methodologies to tackle the new challenges that arise as a result of multicultural and diverse societies CITATION Ble16 \l (Blevins, ). The paper therefore looks at the issues and trend in modern multicultural societies.
Psychodynamic Counseling in a Multicultural Society It is now felt that many current theories and schools of counseling and psychotherapy insufficiently portray, predict and handle the rising culture diversity we see in most areas of the world, “it is evident that psychological models of counseling have yet to seriously incorporate cross-cultural .