The strengths and weaknesses of biomedical model of health? Strengths; it is based on scientific knowledge and research. It has provided many effective cures and treatments for disease and physical conditions. Limitations; It focuses o…n the individual and pays insufficient attention to environmental and social factors associated with health problems.
This reflects entrenched methods of thinking that are conditioned by our years of training and modelling ourselves on other doctors; we then find it difficult to stand outside our methodological framework and survey it from alternative viewpoints. The illness is thus seen simply as a fault in the machine.
Although lip-service may be paid to interfering concepts of the mind, the family and the environment, these are uncomfortable bedfellows of the Medical Model and the machine-body continues to be regarded as something that functions autonomously: Diagnoses therefore tend to be formulated in terms of structural or functional failures of the machine alone.
It follows that because treatment methods derive from diagnostic concepts, then medical treatment is likely to be equally mechanistic and exclusive of non-material or psychological factors.
The Medical Model is thus most comfortably suited to subjects such as surgery where the diagnosis and treatment are extremely circumscribed and structual.
The Reasons We Use the Medical Model The Medical Model is enticing because it is generally succinct, tangible, easily understandable and in accordance with a scientific method which relies primarily on objective and measurable observation.
This has the advantage of offering terminology, formulations and explanations which can seemingly be unambiguously understood and handled in an identical fashion by all similarly trained people. This makes possible the standardisation of terminology and concepts that is essential for scientific communication and research.
These activities can give us useful information about certain patterns of illness and the effectiveness of therapies. Less defensible reasons for our inflexible and often inept use of the Medical Model lies in habit and conditioning. Most of us were never taught to use anything else.
Therefore we have developed skills only within a particular framework which we continue to use alone, even when a problem requires alternative or additional methods.
Some Snares We Fall into Unconsciously At its best the Medical Model functions extremely well, providing guidelines for handling specific problems and predicting what the outcome will be, with or without therapy.
Such important considerations are implied in the concept of diagnosis. Let us take an example of each. Acute follicular beta-haemolytic streptococcal tonsillitis is a Substantial diagnosis.
It tells us with relative certainty what the symptoms and signs are, what treatment is going to be effective and what the hazards are of leaving the complaint untreated. The Medical Model works well here. Our concepts and tools are effective.
We know what to do and are rarely surprised by subsequent events if we do the right thing. The patient senses this, and he and the doctor will probably get along well in this situation. It really does not tell us much at all.
On the other hand he may be crippled with arthritis, blind with iritis and have an ileostomy because of fulminating ulcerative colitis. Furthermore, he may have developed all this despite the best treatment available. The Medical Model is now working extremely badly.
The doctor feels unsure and ineffective and is likely to be on the defensive. The patient senses this and reciprocally lacks confidence.
The relationship between patient and doctor is now likely to be more strained. Substantial and Nominal Diagnosis The two diagnoses here are really quite different in their implication.The Cognitive Perspective and the Psychodynamic Approach - The Cognitive Perspective revolves around the notion that if we want to know what makes people tick, and a way to do this would be to figure out what process are actually going on in their minds.
the socio-medical model looks at the negative definition of health and feels that health is the absence of an illness. How to socio-medical model looks as health 1.
The Medical Model—its Limitations and Alternatives. David Zigmond. What is the Medical Model? Although most doctors' working time is spent using the Medical Model, .
5 lifestyle issues such as a reduction in the levels of morbidity and mortality linked to certain behaviours e.g. tobacco and alcohol use, to more general targets focusing on the health consequences of socio-. In reviewing protests concerning an agency’s evaluation of proposals, our Office will not reevaluate proposals, but instead will examine the record to determine whether the agency’s judgment was reasonable and consistent with stated evaluation criteria and applicable statutes and regulations.
Proponents of the sociocultural model believe that they play a major part. But there are both strengths and weaknesses of this model, which we'll examine in this lesson.