His interest in the economic advancement of his parishioners—for example, through the introduction of newer methods of agriculture—and his political convictions regarding the oppression of the people by the Spanish authorities caused the latter to regard him with suspicion. Though Spanish officials in Mexico were loath to oppose the new king, many Mexicans formed secret societies—some supporting Ferdinand, others advocating independence from Spain.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla led the Mexican independence movement against Spanish rule in and unleashed a torrent of political passions that rocked Mexico for the first sixty years of its history as a nation.
Born in May in Guanajuato, Hidalgo entered the priesthood ineventually pasturing a parish in Dolores. For the next quarter of a century, he performed his duties as a spiritual shepherd, but also read texts on political theory.
In Hidalgo became a leader of an underground independence movement centered around literary clubs where the talk centered on emerging ideas on nationalism and political liberty. He quickly gathered an insurgent army that rampaged through central Mexico.
Almost immediately the violence turned on issues of race, and his high-minded revolution turned bloody and excessive. For the next nine weeks Royalist forces hounded the Mexican insurgents and eventually scattered the rebels. Hidalgo became a fugitive and headed for the northern frontera, apparently hoping to escape into the United States or to stage a counter-attack from a remote base.
Spanish troops intercepted him and Catholic authorities happily stripped him of his ecclesiastical protections. Hidalgo died before a firing squad in Chihuahua in the summer of but the forces he had released would ravage Mexico for decades to come. Mexico gained its independence in Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla led the Mexican independence movement against Spanish rule in and unleashed a torrent of political passions that rocked Mexico for the first sixty years of its.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and key figure in the Mexican War of Independence (–21). Hidalgo is best remembered for his speech, the “Grito de Dolores” (“Cry of Dolores”), which called for the end of Spanish colonial rule in grupobittia.com, Hidalgo is celebrated as “the father of Mexican independence.”.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla led the Mexican independence movement against Spanish rule in and unleashed a torrent of political passions that rocked Mexico for the first sixty years of its.
Born in , Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was the second of eleven children fathered by Cristóbal Hidalgo, an estate administrator. He and his elder brother attended a school run by the Jesuits, and both decided to join the priesthood.
They studied at San Nicolás Obisbo, a prestigious school in. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican Catholic priest who called for revolution against the Spanish on September 16, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican Catholic priest. On September Born: May 08, Hidalgo, Miguel (Hidalgo y Costilla).
Born May 8, , in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, , in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of –, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain. Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo.