The school much like a lot of hagwons has poor organisation and will rarely take responsibility for their actions. In addition we worked on a daily basis from 9 to 6 and would after work prepare for the next day up until 1 am in the morning every single night, every morning our performance would be observed and we would be constantly met with harsh criticism. R Academy Jul 29 at 1:
After the unexpected death of the childless David II, Robert Stewart, the first of the Stewart later Stuart monarchs, came to the throne in Despite his relatively venerable age of 55, his son, John, Earl of Carrickgrew impatient and assumed the reins of government as Lord Lieutenant.
A border incursion into England led to the victory at Otterburn inbut at the cost of the life of John's ally James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas. This, along with Carrick having suffered a debilitating horse kick, led to a shift in power to his brother Robert Stewart, Earl of Fifewho now was appointed as Lieutenant in his place.
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However, the English captured him en route and he spent the next 18 years as a prisoner held for ransom. James had Murdoch and two of his sons tried and then executed with further enforcement of his authority by more arrests and forfeiture of lands.
In he attempted to regain one of the major border fortresses still in English hands at Roxburghbut the siege ended in a humiliating defeat. He was murdered by discontented council member Robert Graham and his co-conspirators near the Blackfriars church, Perth in The assassination left the king's seven-year-old son to reign as James II.
After the execution of a number of suspected conspirators, leadership fell to Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglasas lieutenant-general of the realm. A conspiracy to break the power of the Douglas family led to the "Black Dinner" at Edinburgh Castle inwhich saw the judicial murder of the young William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas and his brother by Livingstone and Crichton.
The main beneficiary was the victims' great uncle James Douglas, Earl of Avondale who became the 7th Earl of Douglas and emerged as the main power in the government. This opened an intermittent civil war as James attempted to seize Douglas lands, punctuated by a series of humiliating reversals.
Gradually James managed to win over the allies of the Douglases with offers of lands, titles and offices and the Douglases' forces were finally defeated at the Battle of Arkinholm on 12 May He travelled the country dispensing justice and some of the unpopular policies of the following reign, such as the sale of pardons, may have originated in this period.
His attempt to take Roxburgh from the English in succeeded, but at the cost of his life as he was killed by an exploding artillery piece. The Boyd family, led by Robert, Lord Boydemerged as the leading force in the government, making themselves unpopular through self-aggrandisement, with Lord Robert's son Thomas being made Earl of Arran and marrying the king's sister, Mary.
While Robert and Thomas were out of the country in the king asserted his control, executing members of the Boyd family. Mar died suspiciously in and his estates were forfeited and possibly given to a royal favouriteRobert Cochrane. Albany fled to France inaccused of treason. By this point the alliance with England was failing and from there was intermittent war, followed by a full-scale invasion of Scotland two years later, led by the Duke of Gloucester, the future Richard IIIand accompanied by Albany.
James was imprisoned by his own subjects in Edinburgh Castleand Albany was established as lieutenant-general. Having taken Berwick-upon-Tweed the English retreated and Albany's government began to collapse forcing him to flee.
Despite conspiracies and more attempts at invasion, James was able to regain power. However, the king managed to alienate the barons, refusing to travel for the implementation of justice, preferring to be resident in Edinburgh, he debased the coinage, probably creating a financial crisis, he continued to pursue an English alliance and dismissed key supporters, including his Chancellor Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyllbecoming estranged from his wife, Margaret of Denmarkand his son James.
Matters came to a head in when he faced an army raised by the disaffected nobles, and many former councillors, acting in the name of the prince as James IV. He was defeated at the Battle of Sauchieburn and killed. James IV was 15 when he came to the throne, but soon proved a capable and independent minded ruler, whose reign is often considered to have seen a flowering of Scottish culture under the influence of the European Renaissance.
He forced through the forfeiture of the lands of the last lord John MacDonald inbacking Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly 's power in the region and launching a series of naval campaigns and sieges that resulted in the capture or exile of his rivals by However, he then established good diplomatic relations with England, and in signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peacemarrying Henry VII's daughter, Margaret Tudorthus laying the foundation for the 17th century Union of the Crowns.
When the Pope organised a Holy Leaguewhich included England, against the French inJames was caught between incompatible diplomatic policies.
He tried to suggest an unrealistic European Crusade to Constantinople, but after border skirmishing, when the French were attacked by the English he declared war on England and was excommunicated by the Pope.
He sent his navy and gunners to support the French and in led a major army of perhaps 34, over the border.
The King, many of his nobles, and a large number of ordinary troops were killed, commemorated by the song " The Floo'ers o' the Forest ".Shop the HRC nonprofit store where % of your purchase goes to HRC’s committed work to ending Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender discrimination.
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